Panahi Y, Azizi T, Moghadam MRS, Amin G, Parvin S, Sahebkar A. Oral health status among Iranian veterans exposed to sulfur mustard: A case-control study. J Clin Exp Dent. 2015;7(2):e192-6.





1. Ghabili K, Agutter PS, Ghanei M, Ansarin K, Shoja MM. Mustard gas toxicity: the acute and chronic pathological effects. J Appl Toxicol. 2010;30:627-43.


2. Khateri S, Ghanei M, Keshavarz S, Soroush M, Haines D. Incidence of lung, eye, and skin lesions as late complications in 34000 Iranians with wartime exposure to mustard agent. J Occup Environ Med. 2003;45:1136-43.


3. Somani SM, Babu SR. Toxicodynamics of sulfur mustard. Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol. 1989;27:419-35


4. Karimi Zarchi AA, Holakouie Naieni K. Long-term pulmonary complications in combatants exposed to mustard gas: a historical cohort study. Int J Epidemiol. 2004;33:579-81.


5. Wattana M, Bey T. Mustard gas or sulfur mustard: an old chemical agent as a new terrorist threat. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2009;24:19-29.


6. Weiss A, Weiss B. Carcinogenesis due to mustard gas exposure in man, important sign for therapy with alkylating agents. Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 1975;100:919-23.


7. Ghanei M, Vossoughi AA, Fahim A, Adibi P. A Study of Chronic Hematologic Complications of Chemical Veterans and Blood Cells Time Course Poisoning. Kowsar Medical Journal. 2009;5:195-8.


8. Ghotbi L, Hassan Z. The immunostatus of natural killer cells in people exposed to sulfur mustard. Int Immunopharmacol. 2002;2:981-5.


9. Balali-Mood M, Hefazi M. The pharmacology, toxicology, and medical treatment of sulphur mustard poisoning. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2005;19:297-315.


10. Zafarghandi MR, Soroush MR, Mahmoodi M, Naieni KH, Ardalan A, Dolatyari A, et al. Incidence of cancer in Iranian sulfur mustard exposed veterans: a long-term follow-up cohort study. Cancer Causes Control. 2013;24:99-105.


11. Manning KP, Skegg DC, Stell PM, Doll R. Cancer of the larynx and other occupational hazards of mustard gas workers. Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci. 1981;6:165-70.


12. Hirono M, Suehiro S, Hirai T, Niimoto M, Hattori T. Early gastric cancer with widespread lymph node metastases; a case report. Jpn J Surg. 1984;14:143-5.


13. Ghanei M, Vosoghi AA. An epidemiologic study to screen for chronic myelocytic leukemia in war victims exposed to mustard gas. Environ Health Perspect. 2002;110:519-21.
PMid:12003756 PMCid:PMC1240841


14. Available at: . Last accessed on Nov 05, 2014.


15. Vellappally S, Fiala Z, SmejkalovŠ J, Jacob V, Somanathan R. Smoking related systemic and oral diseases. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove). 2007;50:161-6.



16. Soysa NS, Ellepola AN. The impact of cigarette/tobacco smoking on oral candidosis: an overview. Oral Dis. 2005; 11:268-73


17. Keramati MR, Balali-Mood M, Mousavi SR, Sadeghi M, Riahi-Zanjani B. Biochemical and hematological findings of Khorasan veterans 23 years after sulfur mustard exposure. J Res Med Sci. 2013;18:855-9.
PMid:24497855 PMCid:PMC3897068


18. Shams J, Ghazanfari T, Yaraee R, Mahdavi MRV, Soroush MR, Hassan ZM, et al. Long-term hematological consequences of sulfur mustard on civilians of Sardasht 20 years after exposure. Toxin Rev. 2009;28:39-43.


19. Hassan ZM, Ebtekar M. Immunological consequence of sulfur mustard exposure. Immunol Lett. 2002;83:151-2.



20. Balali-Mood M, Mousavi SH, Balali-Mood B. Chronic health effects of sulphur mustard exposure with special reference to Iranian veterans. Emerg Health Threats J. 2008;1:e7.



21. Hefazi M, Maleki M, Mahmoudi M, Tabatabaee A, Balali-Mood M. Delayed complications of sulfur mustard poisoning in the skin and the immune system of Iranian veterans 16-20 years after exposure. Int J Dermatol. 2006;45:1025-31.


22. Mahmoudi M, Hefazi M, Rastin M, Balali-Mood M. Long-term hematological and immunological complications of sulfur mustard poisoning in Iranian veterans. Int Immunopharmacol. 2005;5:1479-85.