Ahrari F, Mohammadipour HS, Hajimomenian I, Fallah-Rastegar A. Evaluation the effect of the diode laser irradiation associated with photoabsorbing cream containing remineralizing agents on microhardness, morphology and the chemical structure of early enamel caries. J Clin Exp Dent. 2018;10(10):e955-62.






1. Gorton J, Featherstone JD. In vivo inhibition of demineralization around orthodontic brackets. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2003;123:10-4.


2. Stangler LP, Romano FL, Shirozaki MU, Galo R, Afonso AM, Borsatto MC, et al. Microhardness of enamel adjacent to orthodontic brackets after CO2 laser irradiation and fluoride application. Braz Dent J. 2013;24:508-12.


3. De Sant'Anna GR, Paleari GSL, Duarte DA, Brugnera Jr A, Soares CP. Surface morphology of sound deciduous tooth enamel after application of a photo-absorbing cream and infrared low-level laser irradiation: an in vitro scanning electron microscopy study. Photomed Laser Surg. 2007;25:500-7.


4. Bilgin G, Yanikoglu F, Tagtekin D, Stookey G, Schemeron B. Remineraliza-tion potential of different agents and assessment by a new caries detection device. Gavin J Dent Sci. 2016;2016:39-43.


5. Gavrila L, Maxim A, Balan A, Stoleriu S, Sandu AV, Serban V, et al. Comparative study regarding the effect of different remineralizing products on primary and permanent teeth enamel caries lesions. Revista de Chimie. 2015;66:1159-61.


6. Oshiro M, Yamaguchi K, Takamizawa T, Inage H, Watanabe T, Irokawa A, et al. Effect of CPP-ACP paste on tooth mineralization: an FE-SEM study. J Oral Sci. 2007;49:115-20.


7. Salehzadeh Esfahani K, Mazaheri R, Pishevar L. Effects of treatment with various remineralizing agents on the microhardness of demineralized enamel surface. J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2015;9:239-45.
PMid:26889361 PMCid:PMC4753033


8. Shetty S, Hegde MN, Bopanna TP. Enamel remineralization assessment after treatment with three different remineralizing agents using surface microhardness: An in vitro study. J Conserv Dent. 2014;17:49-52.
PMid:24554861 PMCid:PMC3915386


9. Uysal T, Amasyali M, Koyuturk A, Ozcan S. Effects of different topical agents on enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets: an in vivo and in vitro study. Aust Dent J. 2010;55:268-74.


10. Poosti M, Ahrari F, Moosavi H, Najjaran H. The effect of fractional CO2 laser irradiation on remineralization of enamel white spot lesions. Lasers Med Sci. 2014;29:1349-55.


11. Souza-Gabriel AE, Turssi CP, Colucci V, Tenuta LM, Serra MC, Corona SA. In situ study of the anticariogenic potential of fluoride varnish combined with CO2 laser on enamel. Arch Oral Biol. 2015;60:804-10.


12. Bedini R, Manzon L, Fratto G, Pecci R. Microhardness and morphological changes induced by Nd:Yag laser on dental enamel: an in vitro study. Ann Ist Super Sanita. 2010;46:168-72.


13. Bahrololoomi Z, Lotfian M. Effect of diode laser irradiation combined with topical fluoride on enamel microhardness of primary teeth. J Dent (Tehran). 2015;12:85-9.


14. De Sant'anna GR, Dos Santos EAP, Soares LES, Do Espirito Santo AM, Martin AA, Duarte DA, et al. Dental enamel irradiated with infrared diode laser and photoabsorbing cream: Part 1—FT-Raman Study. Photomed Laser Surg. 2009;27:499-507.
PMid:19415988 PMCid:PMC2957074


15. Heravi F, Ahrari F, Mahdavi M, Basafa S. Comparative evaluation of the effect of Er:YAG laser and low level laser irradiation combined with CPP-ACPF cream on treatment of enamel caries. J Clin Exp Dent. 2014;6:e121-6.
PMid:24790710 PMCid:PMC4002340


16. Kato IT, Kohara EK, Sarkis JE, Wetter NU. Effects of 960-nm diode laser irradiation on calcium solubility of dental enamel: an in vitro study. Photomed Laser Ther. 2006;24:689-93.


17. Ahrari F, Poosti M, Motahari P. Enamel resistance to demineralization following Er:YAG laser etching for bonding orthodontic brackets. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2012;9:472-7.


18. Esteves-Oliveira M, Pasaporti C, Heussen N, Eduardo CP, Lampert F, Apel C. Rehardening of acid-softened enamel and prevention of enamel softening through CO2 laser irradiation. J Dent. 2011;39:414-21.


19. Moosavi H, Ghorbanzadeh S, Ahrari F. Structural and morphological changes in human dentin after ablative and subablative Er:YAG Laser Irradiation. J Lasers Med Sci. 2016;7:86-91.
PMid:27330703 PMCid:PMC4909015


20. Ahrari F, Shahabi M, Fekrazad R, Eslami N, Mazhari F, Ghazvini K, Emrani N. Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy of Lactobacillus acidophilus by indocyanine green and 810-nm diode laser. Photodiagnosis Photodyn Ther. 2018.


21. de Sant'Anna GR, dos Santos EAP, Soares LES, do Espírito Santo AM, Martin AA, Duarte DA, et al. Dental enamel irradiated with infrared diode laser and photo-absorbing cream: Part 2—EDX Study. Photomed Laser Surg. 2009;27:771-82.
PMid:19878028 PMCid:PMC2957072


22. Pulido M, Wefel J, Hernandez M, Denehy G, Guzman-Armstrong S, Chalmers J, et al. The inhibitory effect of MI paste, fluoride and a combination of both on the progression of artificial caries-like lesions in enamel. Oper Dent. 2008;33:550-5.


23. Souza-Gabriel AE, Colucci V, Turssi CP, Serra MC, Corona SA. Microhardness and SEM after CO(2) laser irradiation or fluoride treatment in human and bovine enamel. Microsc Res Tech. 2010;73:1030-5.


24. Azevedo DT, Faraoni-Romano JJ, Derceli Jdos R, Palma-Dibb RG. Effect of Nd:YAG laser combined with fluoride on the prevention of primary tooth enamel demineralization. Braz Dent J. 2012;23:104-9.


25. Fornaini C, Brulat N, Milia G, Rockl A, Rocca JP. The use of sub-ablative Er:YAG laser irradiation in prevention of dental caries during orthodontic treatment. Laser Ther. 2014;23:173-81.
PMid:25368443 PMCid:PMC4215124


26. Zancope BR, Rodrigues LP, Parisotto TM, Steiner-Oliveira C, Rodrigues LK, Nobre-Dos-Santos M. CO2 laser irradiation enhances CaF2 formation and inhibits lesion progression on demineralized dental enamel-in vitro study. Lasers Med Sci. 2016;31:539-47.


27. Villalba-Moreno J, González-Rodríguez A, de Dios López-González J, Bola-os-Carmona MV, Pedraza-Muriel V. Increased fluoride uptake in human dental specimens treated with diode laser. Lasers Med Sci. 2007;22:137-42.


28. Santaella M, Braun A, Matson E, Frentzen M. Effect of diode laser and fluoride varnish on initial surface demineralization of primary dentition enamel: an in vitro study. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2004;14:199-203.


29. Heravi F, Ahrari F, Tanbakuchi B. Effectiveness of MI Paste Plus and Remin Pro on remineralization and color improvement of postorthodontic white spot lesions. Dent Res J (Isfahan). 2018 ;15:95-103.


30. Ebrahimi M, Mehrabkhani M, Ahrari F, Parisay I, Jahantigh M. The effects of three remineralizing agents on regression of white spot lesions in children: A two-week, single-blind, randomized clinical trial. J Clin Exp Dent. 2017;9:e641-8.


31. Mohan AG, Ebenezar AR, Ghani MF, Martina L, Narayanan A, Mony B. Surface and mineral changes of enamel with different remineralizing agents in conjunction with carbon-dioxide laser. Eur J Dent. 2014;8:118.
PMid:24966758 PMCid:PMC4054023